Health and safety environments

Hazard definition: means a situation or thing that has the potential to harm a person. Hazards at work mayinclude: noisy machinery, a moving forklift, chemicals,
electricity, working at heights, a repetitive job, bullying and violence at the workplace.
Risk is the possibility that harm (death, injury or illness) might occur when exposed to a hazard.
HSE definition: Health and Safety Executive: the government department responsible for the regulation of health, safety, and welfare in the workplace.

What is HSE management:HSE Management System defines the principles by which we conduct our operations worldwide with regards to health, safety, and the environment.
Types of SAFETY HAZARDS:These are the mostcommon and will be present in most workplaces at one time or another. They include unsafe conditions that can cause injury, illness and death.
Safety Hazards include:
 Spills on floors or tripping hazards, such as blocked aisles or cords running across the floor
 Working from heights, including ladders, scaffolds, roofs, or any raised work area
 Unguarded machinery and moving machinery parts; guards removed or moving parts that a worker can accidentally touch
 Electrical hazards like frayed cords, missing ground pins, improper wiring
 Confined spaces
 Machinery-related hazards (lockout/tag out, boiler safety, forklifts, etc.)
BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS:Associatedwith working with animals, people, or infectious plant materials. Work in schools, day care facilities, colleges and universities, hospitals, laboratories, emergency response, nursing homes, outdoor occupations, etc. may expose you to biological hazards.
Types of things you may be exposed to include:
 Blood and other body fluids
 Fungi/mold
 Bacteria and viruses
 Plants
 Insect bites
 Animal and bird droppings
PHYSICAL HAZARDS:Are factors withinthe environment that can harm the body without necessarily touching it.
Physical Hazards include:
 Radiation: including ionizing, non-ionizing (EMF’s, microwaves, radiowaves, etc.)
 High exposure to sunlight/ultraviolet rays
 Temperature extremes – hot and cold
 Constant loud noise
ERGONOMIC HAZARDS:Occur whenthe type of work, body positions and working conditions put strain on your body. They are the hardest to spot since you don’t always immediately notice the strain on your body or the harm that these hazards pose. Short-term exposure may result in “sore muscles” the next day or in the days following exposure, but long-term exposure can result in serious long-term illnesses.
Ergonomic Hazards include:
 Improperly adjusted workstations and chairs
 Frequent lifting
 Poor posture
 Awkward movements, especially if they are repetitive
 Repeating the same movements over and over
 Having to use too much force, especially if you have to do it frequently
 Vibration
CHEMICAL HAZARDS:Are presentwhen a worker is exposed to any chemical preparation in the workplace in any form (solid, liquid or gas). Some are safer than others, but to some workers who are more sensitive to chemicals, even common solutions can cause illness, skin irritation, or breathing problems.
Beware of:
 Liquids like cleaning products, paints, acids, solvents – ESPECIALLY if chemicals are in an unlabeled container!
 Vapors and fumes that come from welding or exposure to solvents
 Gases like acetylene, propane, carbon monoxide and helium
 Flammable materials like gasoline, solvents, and explosive chemicals.
 Pesticides
WORK ORGANIZATION HAZARDS: Hazards or stressors that cause stress (short-term effects) and strain (long-term effects). These are the hazards associated with workplace issues such as workload, lack of control and/or respect, etc.
Examples of work organization hazards include:
 Workload demands
 Workplace violence
 Intensity and/or pace
 Respect (or lack of)
 Flexibility
 Control or say about things
 Social support/relations
Sexual harassment0
Are you starting a new business? Are you changing your work practices? Or are you purchasing a new equipment? Can you respond to your work place incident?Can you respond to your worker’s concerns about health and safety?

A step-by-step process
A safe and healthy workplace does not happen by chance or guesswork. You have to think about what could go wrong at your workplace and what the consequences could be. Then you must do whatever you can (in other words, whatever is ‘reasonably practicable’) to eliminate or minimize health and safety risks arising from your business or undertaking.
This process is known as risk management and involves the four steps set out in this Code
identify hazards –find out what could cause harm
assess risks if necessary–understand the nature of the harm that could be caused by thehazard, how serious the harm could be and the likelihood of it happening control risks –implement the most effective control measure that is reasonably practicable inthe circumstances
review control measures to ensure they are working as planned.
Step 1 – How to identify hazards
Identifying hazards in the workplace involves finding things and situations that could potentially cause harm to people. Hazards generally arise from the following aspects of work and their interaction:
• physical work environment
• equipment, materials and substances used work tasks and how they are performed
• work design and management.
Step 2 – How to assess risks
A risk assessment involves considering what could happen if someone is exposed to a hazard and the likelihood of it happening. A risk assessment can help you determine:
• how severe a risk is
• whether any existing control measures are effective
• what action you should take to control the risk
• how urgently the action needs to be taken
Step3-How to control risks:
The hierarchy of risk control:
Step 4 – How to review controls:
. A review is required:
• when the control measure is not effective in controlling the risk
• before a change at the workplace that is likely to give rise to a new or different health and safety risk that the control measure may not effectively control
• if a new hazard or risk is identified
• if the results of consultation indicate that a review is necessary
• if a health and safety representative requests a review.
Why should an organization implement HSE?
Addressing health and safety should not be seen as a regulatory burden: it offers significant opportunities. Benefits can include:
• reduced costs;
• reduced risks;
• better reputation for corporate responsibility among investors, customers and communities;
• increased productivity, because employees are healthier, happier and better motivated
• lower employee absence and turnover rates;
• fewer accidents;
• lessened threat of legal action;
• improved standing among suppliers and partners;
• reduced lost work hours.
Costs of poor health and safety at work
HSE statistics reveal the human and financial cost of failing to address health and safety:
Each year:
• Millions of working days are lost due to work-related illness and injury.
• Thousands of people die from occupational diseases.
• A worker is fatally injured almost every working day.
What can we do for you?
• Creating and maintaining a safe workplace
• An incident response and recovery plan
• Business insurance
• Staff training
• Developing Business continuity plan