Petrochemicals are chemicals made from petroleum or natural gas. Many of petrochemical processes are based on polymerization, which means that it is based on processes that first form monomers then let these bind together to form polymers as long chains or a three dimensional network. Compounds whose names start with “poly” are generally polymers, but many other trade names, such as nylon which is a generic name for a family of polyamides, are polymers. Petrochemicals are often made in clusters of plants in the same area. These plants are often operated by separate companies, and this concept is known as integrated manufacturing. Groups of related materials are often used in adjacent manufacturing plants, to use common infrastructure and minimize transport. Types of Primary Petrochemical: Olefins include ethylene, propylene, and butadiene. Ethylene and propylene are important sources of industrial chemicals and plastics products. Butadiene is used in making synthetic rubber. Olefins are produced by cracking. Aromatic petrochemicals include benzene, toluene, and xylenes. Benzene is used in the manufacture of dyes and synthetic detergents. Toluene is used in making explosives. Manufacturers use xylenes in making plastics and synthetic fibers. Aromatics are produced by reforming. Synthesis gas (SynGas) is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, and is used to make the petrochemicals ammonia and methanol. Ammonia is used in making fertilizers and explosives, where methanol serves as a source for other chemicals. Chemicals are used to manufacture numerous consumer products (health care, pharmaceuticals and electronics) and play an important part in the agriculture (pesticides), manufacturing (solvents), construction (roofing materials), and service industries (cleaning/janitorial supplies). Corken’s reciprocating gas compressors, sliding vane pumps and turbine pumps are used to load and unload all of these chemicals when stored and transported.
Products are: • Resins and plastics such as low-density poly-ethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), polypropylene, polystyrene, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) • Synthetic fibers such as polyester and acrylic • Engineering polymers such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) • Rubbers, including styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and polybutadiene rubber (PBR),,Solvents • Industrial chemicals, including those used for the manufacture of detergents such as lin-ear alkyl benzene (LAB) and of coatings, dye-stuffs, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, and explosives.